PHEROMONES AND THE INFLUENCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ON THEM
Keywords:physical environmental factors, environment, pheromones, highly volatile substances, relizers, primers, stimulants, pesticides, agricultural chemicalization, agrocenosis, environmental problems, chemical pollution of the environment, research perspective, synthetic pheromones, pheromone signals, pheromone traps, pheromone monitoring of agriculture, chemosignals, lepidoptera insects, insect pests, species specificity, attractivity, insect flight, light, pest control methods, quantum theory methods, adsorption, temperature, energy, chemical formula of pheromones, atomic structure of the pheromone, pheromone geometry, electronic structure of pheromones, pheromone molecule, conformer, limiting epoxide, unsaturated hydrocarbons, unsaturated oxygen-containing pheromones, Coulomb interaction, disparity.
This article discusses the prospects for using pheromones in agriculture as a method of pest control and their advantages over pesticides from an ecological point of view. This article shows the concept of pheromones, their specific meaning, their significance for biological species, ways of their possible use for human needs, and the influence of external physical environmental factors on pheromones. This issue is most acute in modern environmental conditions, and research in this area is very promising. Pheromones are one of the types of external stimuli that affect humans and animals' behavior and physiological state, a complex of special olfactory signals. These are biological markers of a kind, volatile chemo signals that control neuroendocrine, behavioral responses, developmental processes, and processes associated with social behavior and reproduction. Pheromones contribute to changing the behavior, physiological and emotional state, or metabolism of other individuals of the same species. Pheromones have found their application in agriculture. In combination with various types of traps, pheromones that lure insects can destroy a significant number of pests.