pradhan is the post which is also called mukhiya in some parts of india like bihar and odisa . it is the post which is very respected and it is up to panchayat level . a person has to fight election like member of parliament and member of legislative assemblies in wich the people of that panchayat directly cast thier thier vote in the favour of the personwhom they want to see as thier representative . so this clear its a legally elected body who ovwelooks a panchayat . now lets talks about the pradhan pati what wrong with this name ? actually the constitution has garnted equal rights to both mwn and women and given the reservation to the womens to balance the system of equality. so the seats in the panchayat elections are reserved for the womens to do welfare and equally give the rights to the females . in this situation the male or the husband of that elected reprentative take the actual charge and the role of the actual womwn pradhan is limited or restricted to signing any documents . all the works are done by the husband of that pradhan this culture is primarily known as the PRADHAN PATI . Though the panchayati raj system originally envisioned empowering women, over the years the husbands of elected women and sarpanches have made a mockery of the rules. Gandhi has criticised the way the vision of women’s empowerment in the panchayati raj system has been given a short shrift. “Thirty years ago when Rajiv Gandhi announced it, the idea was to get women into the mainstream. 33 percent of all sarpanchs would be women. That was a brilliant idea. But women allowed themselves to be used as tools. New institutions like ‘pradhan pati’ and ‘sarpanch pati’ came up. They even became legitimised as district magistrates allowed husbands to sit in panchayat meetings. Pradhan patis would run the show while women stayed in ghunghats.”Gandhi said the problem stems from two factors. “One is overpopulation. In an overpopulated society violence does increase and it’s always aimed at the weaker. So, it is always going to be one caste against other, one class against other. Our job is to empower women rather than change the mindset of men which is not possible at this point.” What the government can do in this regard is empower the women.
“Has Panchayats in our country ever thought that there should be no poor left in our country. If one village brings out five persons out of poverty in a year, what a big change will come in the country”
Prime Minister Narendra Modi in an event called for an end to the practice of “husbands of women sarpanches” or “sarpanch pati” exercising undue influence on the work of their wives elected to power.
At an event to mark the National Panchayati Raj Day here, Mr. Modi hailed the contribution of women to the functioning of panchayats. He urged panchayat members to work with a five-year vision with concrete plans to bring about positive changes in their villages.
Mr. Modi urged panchayat members to instil pride about the village. He said issues such as education of children and vaccination for them should be paid special attention. Mr. Modi asked panchayat members to motivate government officials to spend at least one hour a week with the school-going children.
He gave away the Annual Devolution Index (States) Awards and e-Panchayat awards and congratulated the zila parishads and gram panchayats which were being felicitated on the occasion.