POVERTY ‘s POV :INDIA

WE ARE LIVING IN A DEVOLOPING COUNTRY , INDIA , HAVING ALL THE SHADES OF LOSSES AND GAINS DESCRIBING OUR ECONOMIC STATUS OF THE COUNTRY . WHENEVER WE TALK OF POVERTY , THE FIRST CHARACTER CAME IN TO OUR MIND IS A ‘POOR’. BUT , IS POOR ANOTHER WORD FOR POVERTY ? , ARE THESE WORDS SIMMILAR TO EACH OTHER ? . THE ANSWERE IS A BIG NO ! , THESE TWO TERMS ARE DIFFRENT ALTOGETHER. POOR ARE THOSE WHO HAVE LITTLE OR NO POSSESIONS OR MONEY TAKEN AS A GROUP , WHEREAS , THE POVERTY IS THE QUALITY OR STATE OF BEING POOR OR INDIGENT WANT OR SCARCITY OF MEANS OF SUBSISTENCE INDIGENCE NEED . IN SHORT , POOR IS THE PERSON AND THE POVERTY IS THE STATE OF THAT PERSON .

DO YOU THINK ‘POVERTY’ IS LIMMITED TO THE POOR PEOPLE ? OR IS IT MORE THAN THAT ? . THIS TIME THE ANSWERE IS YES ! , IT IS MORE THAN THAT , IT IS MUCH WIDER TERM THAN WHAT YOU ARE THINKING NOW . THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE POVERTY IS DONE BY SOME ELEMENTS ,MALNUTRITION , HIGH LEVEL OF INFANT , MATERNAL MORTALITY , THE INCIDENCE OF DISEASES LIKE CHOLERA , TYPHOID AND MALARIA .FIRST , LETS TALK ABOUT PUBLIC HEALTH , THE SECTOR WHICH IS NOT GIVEN MUCH IMPORTANCE , BUT , THIS SECTOR IS HIGHLY PROMINENT . THE EVIDENCE OF THIS IS SEEN BY US IN ‘COVID-19’ , HOW OUR HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE IS AND EARLIER , NO INVESTMENTS WERE MADE IN THIS SECTOR , NOW FUNDS ARE ALLOCATED FOR THE INVESTMENT IN THIS SECTOR AND IT IS BOOSTED WITH HUGE INVESTMENTS . THEN , WHY NOT TO DO EVERYTHING 0N TIME ? WHY DO WE NEED TO WAIT FOR OBSTACLE ?.

IN 1923 , POVERTY WAS ONE OF THE GREATEST BARS TO SANITARY IMPROVEMENT . BAD SANITARY CONDITIONS DUE TO WHICH POVERTY AND SICKNESS REACT UPON EACH OTHER AND TEND TO DIMINISH THE VITAL POWER OF THE PEOPLE AND THEIR CAPACITY FOR IMPROVEMENT. PHYSICAL WEAKNESS OF WORKING UNDER AGE MOTHERS , THE INADEQUATE NOURISHMENT OF INFANTS , INSANITORY AND OVERCROWDED SURROUNDINGS ADDING MORE THIS ELEMENT . THE SOLUTION TO THIS IS TO SPREAD GREATER PUBLIC AWARENESS . THERE IS A NEED TO INCREASE AWARE THE PUBLIC ABOUT POVERTY AND SANITATION . ACTIVE SUPPORT CAN BE GATHERED FROM THE INDUSTRIALISTS AND OTHER LEADING EMPLOYERS . BUT , ABOVE ALL , THE FACT BEHIND THE SUFFERING OF POVERTY BY INDIA IS NOT THE BAD SANITARY CONDITIONS BUT THE WORST ECONOMIC CONDITIONS .

IDEOLOGY IS ALSO A CONTRIBUTIONG FACTOR TO THE POVERTY , AS , IN INDIA , PEOPLE ARE MORE CURVED TOWARDS THEIR CULTURES AND ARE EMOTIONALLY ATTACHED TO IT . DUE TO WHICH THEY END UP LOOSING THE PRACTICALITY , DOING THINGS WHICH IS DIMNISHING CHANCE OF INDIA BECOMING A DEVOLOPED COUNTRY . IT IS ALSO ARGUED THAT POVERTY IN INDIA IS PRETTY MUCH DISTINCT FROM WEST . RELIGIOUS CUSTOMS ARE BECOMING THE BARRIER. IT IS JUST THAT WE NEED TO WOVEN PRAGMATISM IN OURSELVES TO MINIMISE POVERTY IN OUR COUNTRY .

OVER GROWING OF POPULATION IS ANOTHER CONTRIBUTING FACTOR TO THE POVERTY INCREASE , HERE COMES THE CHANGE IN THE MEANING OF THIS WIDER TERM . IT IS DESCRIBED BY THE VULNERABILITY OF INDIA DUE TO NATURAL SHOCKS FOR EXAMPLE FAMINES AND PANDEMICS ETC. IN 1903 INDIA FACED THE PROBLEM OF HEALTH AND NUTRITION , AS WE ARE AWARE HOW THESE TWO TERMS ARE CLOSELY BOUND TO THE ECONOMIC ORGANISATION OF THE SOCIETY . NUTRITION IS SUCH A SIGNIFICANT FACTOR , A FOUNDATION FOR HUMAN DEVOLOPMENT , ONLY AN ADEQUATE NUTRITION CAN DO . ERADICATION OF POVERTY WILL ONLY SOLVE THE PROBLEM OF NUTRITION MAKING EVERYTHING FALL IN ITS PLACE.

OVERPOPULATION HAS ALSO LED TO UNEMPLOYMENT IN THE COUNTRY , THERE IS LOSS OF JOBS IN THE COMPANIES , THIS IS LOSS OF JOBS IS ALSO A KIND OF POVERTY , WHICH , THE STATES IN INDIA ARE FACING SPECIALLY KERELA . IN KERELA , THE LITERACY RATE IS THE HIGHEST AMONG ALL THE STATES BUT THE UNEMPLOYMENT HIGHEST ON THE SCALE HAVE YOU EVER WONDER WHY ? BECAUSE THE LITERACY RATE IS THIS MUCH HIGH THAT THE JOBS AVAIBLE DOESN’T SUIT THE QUALIFICATIONS OF THE PEOPLE , THEIR CAPABILITY IS THIS MUCH HIGHER THAT THEY REFUSE TO DO BECAUSE THE JOB IS NOT RIGHT ACCORDING TO THEIR EDUCATION . HOW IT IS CONNECTED TO THE POVERTY ? THE ANSWERE IS HIDDEN IN THIS SET OF WORDS , THE UNEMPLOYMENT IS THE INPUT AND POVERTY IS THE OUTPUT OF THE UNEMPLOYMENT .

POVERTY CAN ONLY BE ERADICATED BY FOCUSING MAINLY ON THE SOCIO – ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF THE COUNTRY.

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