India is always known to be a land of believes and miracles, its culture and heritage is one of the most renowned which furnish it a very valuable position amidst all other countries in the world.The Ministry of Culture has a crucial role to play in the preservation and propagation of art and culture. The goal is to establish ways and means by which basic cultural and esthetic values and expectations remain active and diverse among people. It also undertakes projects to encourage diverse forms of modern art. The Department is a nodal body for the commemoration of global events and the celebration of the centenary of great artists. Prahlad Singh Patel is the new Minister for Education. The Government has recently founded the National Library Project of India under this Ministry.
The history and culture of India is diverse, going back to the dawn of human society. It starts with a strange community along the Indus River and in agricultural societies in the southern region of India. India ‘s history is characterized by the relentless convergence of migrants with the different communities that surround India. Accessible data indicates that the use of iron, copper and other metals was common in the Indian sub-continent at a relatively early point, which is representative of the development that this region of the world has made. By the end of the fourth millennium BC, India had arisen as a area with highly evolved culture.
According to a consensus in modern biology, anatomically modern humans first arrived from Africa in the Indian subcontinent between 73,000 and 55,000 years ago. However, the oldest recorded human remains in South Asia date back to 30,000 years ago. Settled life, which includes the transition from foraging to farming and pastoralism, started around 7,000 BCE in South Asia. The presence of wheat and barley domestication can be recorded at the site of Mehrgarh, Balochistan, Pakistan, accompanied immediately by the presence of goats, sheep and cattle.
By 4500 A.D., urban culture had spread more widely, and eventually started to develop into the Indus Valley Civilization, the early civilization of the Old World, which was contemporaneous with Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. This civilisation existed between 2500 B.C. and 1900 B.C. in what is now Pakistan and Northwest India, and was known for its town planning, baked brick buildings, extensive irrigation and water supply.
The actual history of India begins with the founding of the Indus Valley Civilization, known more specifically as the Harappan Civilization. It flourished about 2,500 BC, in the western part of South Asia, what is now Pakistan and Western India. The Indus Valley was home to the oldest of the four ancient metropolitan civilizations in Egypt , Mesopotamia, India and China. Nothing was known about this civilization until the 1920s, when the Indian Archeological Department carried out excavations in the Indus Valley, in the remains of the two ancient cities, viz. Mohenjodaro and Harappa were revealed.
The Indus Valley Civilization was largely an agricultural civilization, and people lived in well-planned and well-built settlements, which were also centres of commerce. The ruins of Mohenjodaro and Harappa indicate that these were splendid trading cities — well built, scientifically organized, and well looked after. They had large roads and well-developed irrigation networks. The buildings were built of bricks and had two or three storeys.
A lot of monarchs invaded India afterwards, a lot of civilizations came into existence. Some important time periods in Indian History are The vedic civilization, the Buddhist era, Gupta Dynasty, Alexander’s Invasion, Gupta Dynasty, and Harshavardhana. All these rulers contributed in the enhancement of the history and culture in their own ways tho they had also got a lot from the country also.